Tuesday 23 October 2018

Quarries management and biodiversity

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In today’s world, biodiversity management has become the most important environmental sustainability issue after climate change. 2010 was the year dedicated to increasing awareness globally with respect to biodiversity.

TITAN is active both globally and locally in preserving and enhancing biodiversity. As a core CSI member, TITAN participates in the Biodiversity Working Group, initiated in 2009 and from October 2010 co-chairs the WBCSD/CSI ‘Biodiversity & Land Stewardship’ task force.

On the basis of joint work and consensus within CSI, two Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) have been developed and integrated into corporate social responsibility reporting systems.

These KPIs replace the respective GRI ones, so as to better meet societal requirements in respect to the industry and are defined as follows:

KPI 1: Number of active quarries within, containing or adjacent to areas designated for their high biodiversity value (as defined by GRI EN11) and

KPI 2: % of sites with high biodiversity value (according to KPI 1) where biodiversity management plans are implemented.

According to these indicators, the number of active quarries containing or adjacent to areas designated for their high biodiversity value has increased from 3 to 5 quarries in 2010 due to the acquisition of two new quarries in Northern Greece, located in a protected by Natura area.


At local level, TITAN’s response to tackling these issues is demonstrated in various ways:

  • Application of Guidelines for Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), developing Quarry Rehabilitation Plans (QRP’s), and providing case study examples of biodiversity management initiatives, among else the following:
  • Pennsuco quarry, Miami Dade, Florida (U.S.A.): According to the new mining permit (April 2010) and under the Lake Belt Plan developed by the US Corps of Engineers, TITAN is systematically ‘restoring Littoral Shelf Areas’ within depleted quarry lakes and adjacent everglades by restoring endemic flora, while preserving the fauna species, identified and considered ‘protected’.
  • Center Sand quarry, Orlando. Florida (U.S.A.): TITAN has relocated the population of protected Gopher Tortoise a Red List protected species, to a newly created Conservation Area, protected from future quarry operations. Monitoring and assessment programs are on-going. 
  • Zlatna Panega quarry (Bulgaria): A ‘baseline assessment’ has been developed. The limestone and marl quarry of Zlatna Panega cement plant operates partly within a Natura-designated area. Currently there is an on-going program for relocating a species of wild orchid, from inside a quarry expansion and into an adjacent area of future rehabilitation (wildlife sanctuary).
  • Antea green field cement plant, Albania: TITAN is implementing a plan for re-foresting a total of 250 hectares and has already reforestated 100 hectares. 
  • In quarries of puzzolanas that operate inside Natura areas, in Milos Island and in Pella (northern Greece), TITAN is planning to make a biodiversity assessment of ‘base-line’ conditions for bird populations. 
  • In the quarry of Artimes (near the Patras cement plant), TITAN recently completed a biodiversity assessment study of the current ‘base line’ inventory of flora, aimed at recording and improving rehabilitation by reforesting.

The cumulative number of trees planted to date, mainly for reforestation and for rehabilitation of depleted quarries in Greece, has reached 1.6 million. In addition, more than 70 hectares of surface areas have been rehabilitated to date, with the ‘hydro-seeding’ method.

TITAN Group targets for emissions

 Reduce specific dust emissions by 65% until 2015 compared to 2003.
2015 target: 95g/ton clinker

 Reduce specific NOx emissions by 45% until 2015 compared to 2003.
Keep the target of 1670g/ton clinker set in 2008 for Group operations owned in 2009

 Reduce specific SOx emissions by 51% until 2015 compared to 2003.
2015 target: 240g/ton clinker

TITAN Group target for water consumption

 Mapping and reducing specific water consumption
2015 target: 350lt/ton cement